The Mustang is originally European: Mustang horses descended from Spanish horses brought to America by the conquistadors. It is the last species of feral horse on the American continent. In fact, these horses are protected by United States law. Mistreating or killing a Mustang constitutes a federal offense in the U.S.A.
The indigenous peoples living on the American continent before the arrival of the Europeans did not know the horse and, although they were first afraid of them, they later learned that it could be a powerful element in hunting or in war.
Mustangs live in herds of about fifteen individuals, sometimes more. Each band contains mares and fillies, as well as colts under two years of age. One individual horse will direct the group. He is the one in charge.
He is watchful and guards against other males and predators who threaten the fillies (coyotes, cougars, bears), protecting his band. That way he assures the security of the group maintaining his power. The Mustang is small and feisty. It has a short neck and a small head. The Mustang has expressive eyes and a straight forehead. It has a low croup and dry and hard limbs. It measures between 1.35 and 1.55 meters.
A strong and fast horse, the Mustang is capable of surviving in arid and mountainous regions, where it eats only woody plants and thorny bushes. It is an animal that drinks little and withstands dry heat as well as great cold.
The name Mustang comes from an old Spanish word that means "homeless" or "vagabond."